Among the powers of the committee are the creation and liquidation of courts, the creation of emergency government agencies, the management of evacuations, the formation of parts of the armed forces, the distribution of financial resources, the introduction of military censorship, the imposition of sanctions
Denis Pushilin creation of the State Defense Committee. The document was published on the website of the head of the DPR.
The text of the document states that the committee is “the highest emergency state body of the Donetsk People's Republic”, and its creation “is due to the conduct of a special military operation on the territories of the DPR, LPR and Ukraine.”
The chairman of the committee is the head of the DPR Pushilin.
Among the powers of the committee— redistribution of powers of state authorities and local administrations, creation and liquidation of courts, creation of emergency state bodies, management of evacuation of organizations, formation of parts of the armed forces and appointment of their leadership, distribution of financial resources, introduction of a special regime for entering the territory, involvement of citizens in work for defense purposes, a ban on holding rallies, introducing military censorship, imposing all kinds of sanctions.
On March 31, Pushilin ordered the creation of the administration of Mariupol (a city in the south of the Donetsk region). The head of the new administration will have to develop its structure and staff, administrations of the city districts will also be created, their leaders will be appointed.
The DPR and LPR declared independence in May 2014, after holding referenda on self-determination.
On February 21, 2022, Russia recognized the independence of the DPR and LPR within the borders of the Donetsk and Lugansk regions and concluded treaties of friendship and mutual assistance with them. According to these agreements, Russia and the DPR and LPR can closely cooperate in protecting each other's sovereignty and security. In addition, the documents give the parties the right to use the armed forces, military infrastructure and military bases on their territory.
“The recognition of these republics is dictated precisely by the fact that already publicly the leadership of Kyiv began to declare that they are not going to implement these [Minsk] agreements. Therefore, we were forced to make this decision,»— Russian President Vladimir Putin explained.
Two days after recognizing power, the DPR and LPR turned to Putin with a request to help “repel aggression”; from Ukraine. On February 24, Russia launched a military special operation. Ukraine severed relations with Russia, declared martial law and declared mobilization.
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