In Russia, new hypersonic strategic complexes are being developed that will replace the Avangard gliding blocks when the United States learns to counter them. This was stated by the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces Sergei Karakaev . AiF.ru figured out why the programs for creating new nuclear weapons were being forced.
According to the general, the new complexes will be the response of the United States, which & nbsp; at present, they are actively developing both hypersonic weapons themselves and this type of weapon designed to neutralize the Russian one. The new weapon system is planned to be created by the time the Pentagon finds an “ antidote '' from Russian strategic missile systems. & nbsp;
While in the Vanguard
When creating a new missile system, the developments that are used in & nbsp; Avangard, new technologies will also be integrated. It is planned to develop a new mobile ground-based missile system, as well as a silo-based system. The work will be carried out within the framework of the new state armament program, which is valid until 2034. Leading research organizations of the Ministry of Defense, research teams, defense institutes and design bureaus, as well as enterprises of the military-industrial complex will be involved in the creation of the new complex.
The creation of a replacement is a distant prospect, at present the Avangard, which & nbsp; today it is the most advanced missile system, and it was originally created as & nbsp; response to the US missile defense system. It includes a special intercontinental missile equipped with a gliding cruise warhead. Detailed tactical and technical characteristics have not been officially published. Today it is known that the hypersonic gliding unit is capable of speeds above 20M. It goes to the target like a ball of fire, the surface temperature of which is 1600 & mdash; 2000 degrees Celsius
Combat equipment can be an individual targeting multiple warhead and has a complex of means of overcoming antimissile defense. Warheads of the Avangard complex have their own engines and can maneuver on a trajectory in both direction and speed. The control system allows you to quickly change the flight mission and the distribution of targets directly in flight. As noted by the military, the planning winged block of the Avangard complex due to the ability to maneuver in the atmosphere along an unpredictable trajectory, it can overcome any existing missile defense system. According to experts, to defeat one warhead, “ at least 50 SM-3 interceptors are required, which, in fact, makes the US missile defense senseless. ''
Development of the Avangard missile system; ended in July 2018, at the same time the defense industry enterprises began its serial production. The first regiment in a reduced composition, armed with a strategic missile system with a hypersonic gliding winged unit Avangard, took up combat duty in the Yasnenskaya missile division in the Orenburg region in 2019.
Currently, the Strategic Missile Forces has stationary silo-based missile systems Avangard, Voevoda, Stiletto and 'Topol-M' and 'Yars', as well as mobile complexes 'Topol', 'Topol-M' and Yars. The ratio of deployed carriers in the stationary and mobile groups of the Strategic Missile Forces is approximately equal. However, thanks to the presence of heavy and medium-class missile systems “ Voevoda '' and Stiletto, the number of nuclear warheads in a stationary grouping is currently somewhat higher than in a mobile one.
The military reports that in a few years there will be no obsolete Soviet-made missile systems in combat. After the rearmament of the troops, they will continue to support and modernize the complexes on alert.
At the end of 2022, a landmark rearmament will begin with the Voevoda heavy-class missile systems. to “ Sarmat ''. The new heavy rocket will significantly surpass its predecessor in many characteristics. The first regiment of the Sarmat complex will take up combat duty in the Uzhur missile formation. Currently, work is underway to prepare the infrastructure in the Uzhur missile division of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the installation of silo launchers and a unified command post has been organized. Also, work is underway to prepare for flight tests of the complex itself, after which the rocket will be put into service. “ Sarmat '' developed at the V.P. Makeyev State Missile Center, whose main specialization is the development of sea-based intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Information source & nbsp;